A Fool's Paradise? Ethnicity, Military and Prospects for by Findley Penn-Hughes

By Findley Penn-Hughes

Bachelor Thesis from the 12 months 2013 within the topic Politics - overseas Politics - zone: some distance East, grade: sixty eight, Durham college (School of presidency & overseas Affairs), path: Politics, language: English, summary: nation and armed forces energy were officially fused in Myanmar because the army coup of 1962. Colonial and pre-colonial reviews ahead of this had ensured the production of a countrywide narrative that emphasized team spirit and the survival of the regime principally else. This resulted in the sluggish infiltration of army rule within the years following independence in 1948 and finally to the many years of authoritarian rule and fiscal mismanagement, exacerbated by means of financial sanctions. because the remainder of the zone started its post-colonial transition in the direction of democracy and prosperity, brutal army crackdowns and reprisals following populist uprisings in 1988 and 2007 appeared merely to substantiate Myanmar’s resilience. Following the suppression of the 2007 rebellion, it seemed that the carry of the army junta used to be absolute.

The assertion in 2008 via the ruling kingdom Peace and improvement Council (SPDC) of wide-ranging reforms as a part of the ‘roadmap to democracy’ therefore represented the best desire of democratic reform for part a century. Following the enactment of constitutional reforms and trumpeted elections in 2010, the country now represents an ostensibly democratic, constitutional approach. all through early 2011 the newly shaped ‘civilian’ govt published over seven hundred political prisoners, oversaw a rest of media censorship and legalised definitely the right to unionisation together with a re-emergence of competition politics.

This essay examines how the go over among the problems of 'ethnicity' in Myanmar and the perceived position of the army one of the army institution because the sole protectors of the solidarity of the Union of Myanmar act to create political stagnation within the nation. via undertaking the political procedure on their phrases, the army is making sure that competition politics is robbed of the political house with which to handle the ethnic nationalities head on. The NLD is now the one crew that has the cultural and political ability to do that. In its non-stop failure to take action it could actually but plunge Myanmar right into a interval of political instability as soon as again.

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